UTI is a common condition caused by bacteria entering the urinary stream. UTIs affect any part of the urinary stream, including the bladder or kidneys. Anyone can experience UTIs. However, they are more prevalent in women than in males.
UTIs come in a range from mild to very severe and can produce several symptoms. It is critical to identify the UTI signs and symptoms to receive quick treatment.
Symptoms of a UTI may vary depending on the affected part of the bladder. UTIs often present with the following symptoms:
- Pain or discomfort during urination
UTIs are often characterized as pain or discomfort in the urogenital tract. It may feel as if you are experiencing a burning or stinging sensation. This can be quite unpleasant.
- Strong desire to urinate
Other than frequent urination, you might also feel a strong urge to urinate. It can be extremely frustrating if this happens and you cannot urinate.
- Blood in Your Urine
UTIs are more common when there is blood in the urine. However, it can still happen. You must seek immediate medical attention if you notice blood in the urine.
- Cloudy and Foul-Smelling Urine
UTIs could cause changes in your urine appearance and odor. Your urine can appear cloudy and have an unpleasant odor.
- Pain in Your Lower Abdomen Or Back
UTIs are known to cause pain in the lower abdomen and back. The severity of the UTI will determine if the pain is severe or mild.
UTIs, in certain cases, can cause weakness and fatigue. This is because your body may struggle to fight off the bacteria.
When to Visit a Doctor
UTIs should be reported to your doctor when you feel the symptoms. UTIs may be treated with antibiotics but can get more serious if not treated. UTIs can also have more severe symptoms, such as:
If you experience fever and other symptoms of a UTI, it could indicate that the infection may have spread to your kidneys. This is serious and needs immediate medical attention.
- Pain at the Sides and Back
A sign that the infection is spreading to your kidneys could be a pain in your back or side. This can lead you to other serious conditions and require immediate medical attention.
- Nausea or Vomiting
UTIs may cause nausea or vomiting. This is a serious condition, and you must seek medical attention immediately.
- Confusion or Disorientation
UTIs can cause confusion and disorientation. This is serious and needs immediate medical attention.
Your doctor will most likely prescribe antibiotics to clear up a UTI. Even if you feel improved, you must follow the instructions and complete all medicine.
You don’t need to take antibiotics. You can do many things at home to support your recovery and ease your symptoms.
- Avoid Irritating Foods & Drinks
UTI symptoms can worsen if you eat certain foods or drink certain drinks. Avoid caffeine, alcohol, spicy food, and acidic fruits like tomatoes and citrus.
- Use Heat Therapy
A heating pad or hot bottle can reduce pain and discomfort in your lower abdomen, back, or both.
- Practice Good Hygiene
After using the restroom, wipe your back from the front and wash your genitals thoroughly with mild soap. This can help stop the spread of bacteria to your bladder.